Pyoderma faciale, also known as rosacea fulminans, is a very severe form of rosacea. It presents abruptly with abscesses and nodules, and it causes bleeding and scarring, which is almost always extremely damaging to skin. While pyoderma faciale shares the same traits as common rosacea in that it creates a distinct reddening of the skin, it has little else in common. Pyoderma faciale develops within a few days, making it distinct from most forms of rosacea. Pyoderma faciale causes nodules and lesions to form, and they bleed and will almost certainly cause scarring. These scars are usually thicker because of the lesions that pyoderma faciale causes to form.
Outside of the already painful eruptions, infection is a large worry with an outbreak of pyoderma faciale; because of the open sores that form, it is all too easy for bacteria to get into them. These areas need to be treated with care, as infection will only cause the symptoms to become worse, and cause further scarring and damage to the skin. Additionally, pyoderma faciale can also cause an acne outbreak to occur in people who tend to have issues with oily skin; it can also cause other skin conditions that occur due to inflammation to occur at the same time.
Who does pyoderma faciale affect?
The strange thing about pyoderma faciale is that it only affects women. Doctors are not sure why, but it does not occur in men. Standard rosacea can affect both men and women, but this particular form of rosacea is singular to women. This occurs to women usually in their twenties or thirties, but never before adolescence. There do not appear to be any genetic preconditions that cause Pyoderma faciale to be more likely.
What causes pyoderma faciale?
The strange thing is, while doctors generally understand what the condition of pyoderma faciale does, they do not know what causes it. It does not respond to treatment that is used for acne or rosacea, even though many of the symptoms appear to overlap. It is not caused by excess oil production, or bacteria, and there appears to be no apparent cause that triggers it; however, at least, it is not contagious, and cannot be passed on to another person.
How do you treat pyoderma faciale?
The one tiny, saving grace of such an awful condition is that the treatment for pyoderma faciale is known, and highly and quickly effective. By using injections of Accutane, also known as Isotreitonin, people suffering from pyoderma faciale will see quick results, and quick action can help prevent more damage from occurring after the condition begins to present itself. Women that are pregnant, since they are not able to take Accutane because of a high risk of birth defects, are prescribed steroid injections or topical gels.
While pyoderma faciale may appear visually similar to acne, especially severe cystic acne, it does not respond to any acne or bacteria killing treatments, as acne does. If any signs of pyoderma faciale begin to appear, contact a doctor or dermatologist immediately. The sooner you are able to get treatment, the less damage that will be done to your skin.